The Moura/Barrancos Site of the Natura 2000 Network
stands mainly within Moura and Barrancos municipalities, but also within Mourão and Serpa, in Alentejo. The Site holds a high geological and physiographical diversity, with a great variety of plant communities. Within it, the ancient human presence related to agriculture and pasture increases landscape diversity. The iberian-pig, olive oil and wine are some of the region’s traditional products, in an area where human occupation is low.
The Moura/Barrancos pSCI, is one of Portugal’s most viable places for the occurence of Iberian lynx
, due to its proper habitat conditions and to the fact that it stands next to the frontier with Sierra Morena
, in the Spanish neighbouring community of Andaluzia
, where populations of Iberian lynx still exist. Although the Site still maintains high quality habitat areas, a great extension of its woodlands requires intervention in order to maintain the adequate characteristics for the Iberian lynx’s. It is fundamental to promote the implementation of proper management measures in this area, in order to insure this species' medium/long term recovery, being this a crucial region to the maintenance of the meta-populations balance in a national, iberian and worldwide context.